The periodical uses a modified Harvard system for references.
- A comma separates the year of publication (or an abbreviation for a work) from the page reference or a volume number.
- A colon separates a volume number from a page reference.
- A semicolon separates different publications from each other.
References are to be included in the text, usually in parentheses or partially in parentheses. Examples:
- Williams 1990, 30
- Williams 1990, 31, note 6
- Williams 1990, 44–48, 58
- Barnes and Page 2006, 255; Barnes, Hagland, and Page 1997, 23
- Wolfgang Krause (in Krause and Jankuhn 1966, 12)
- Syrett 2002, 1: 106–08
References may be sorted chronologically by the first title of each specific author:
- Williams 1993, 85–87; 2000, 83; Knirk 1995, 27
For some works other reference systems might be more applicable, especially for medieval sources, e.g.
- Haralds saga harðráða, ch. 12 (Heimskringla 3: 92–93)
Arabic numbers, not roman numerals, should be used for volume numbers, as with volume 3 of Heimskringla above, or in Syrett 2002, 1: 106–08
Book titles are italicized; abbreviations of book titles are also italicized.
Here are some references to common editions:
- SRI, 8: 235
- DR, Text, 802–05
- NIyR, 6: 97
Avoid special abbreviations from a specific field, i.e. use Bosworth and Toller instead of BT.
All abbreviations for works should be explained in the bibliography.